Thursday, December 29, 2011

Remembering Sergey Lebedev

Remembering a remarkable Soviet computing pioneer

In many parts of the world, today is Christmas—but in Russia and Eastern Europe, which use the Orthodox calendar, December 25 is just an ordinary day. Little known to most, however, it’s also a day that marks the anniversary of a key development in European computer history.
Sixty years ago today, in the Ukrainian capital of Kyiv, the Soviet Academy of Sciences finally granted formal recognition to Sergey Lebedev’s pioneering MESM project. MESM, a Russian abbreviation for “Small Electronic Calculating Machine,” is regarded as the earliest, fully operational electronic computer in the Soviet Union—and indeed continental Europe.

Recently we were privileged to get a first-hand account of Lebedev’s achievements from Boris Malinovsky, who worked on MESM and is now a leading expert on Soviet-era computing.
Described by some as the “Soviet Alan Turing,” Sergey Lebedev had been thinking about computing as far back as the 1930’s, until interrupted by war. In 1946 he was made director of Kyiv’s Institute of Electrical Engineering. Soon after, stories of “electronic brains” in the West began to circulate and his interest in computing revived.

Initially, Lebedev’s superiors were skeptical, and some in his team felt working on a “calculator”—how they thought of a computer—was a step backward compared to electrical and space systems research. Lebedev pressed on regardless, eventually finding funding from the Rocketry department and space to work in a derelict former monastery in Feofania, on the outskirts of Kyiv.

Work on MESM got going properly at the end of 1948 and, considering the challenges, the rate of progress was remarkable. Ukraine was still struggling to recover from the devastation of its occupation during WWII, and many of Kyiv’s buildings lay in ruins. The monastery in Feofania was among the buildings destroyed during the war, so the MESM team had to build their working quarters from scratch—the laboratory, metalworking shop, even the power station that would provide electricity. Although small—just 20 people—the team was extraordinarily committed. They worked in shifts 24 hours a day, and many lived in rooms above the laboratory.

MESM ran its first program on November 6, 1950, and went into full-time operation in 1951. In 1952, MESM was used for top-secret calculations relating to rocketry and nuclear bombs, and continued to aid the Institute’s research right up to 1957. By then, Lebedev had moved to Moscow to lead the construction of the next generation of Soviet supercomputers, cementing his place as a giant of European computing. As for MESM, it met a more prosaic fate—broken into parts and studied by engineering students in the labs at Kyiv’s Polytechnic Institute.

New FubDuck Stuff for those Wheeleie Fubduck times

Sunday, July 31, 2011

Great News!!
Fudduck is back and is available with it's brand new logo on exciting new sportswear and gifts
go to

Friday, June 17, 2011

Created in 1976 by Peter Mouzas, Roger Rossignol and I. Thirty Six years later Fubduck is still Fubducking along.

So if you want to be a real fubducker log on to and get yourself a genuine Fubduck
t-shirt or a hoodie for when you are really fubducked. Just wearing fubduck gear tells the world that maybe now is not a good time to bother you. Remember the Fubduck motto, "If you ain't wasted the day is".

Saturday, February 12, 2011

Food for Thought

Woody Allen
"I do not eat oysters, I want my food dead, not sick, not wounded, dead"
"Why does man kill? He kills for food, and frequently there must be a beverage"

Joan Fontaine
"The main problem for a man is that sex is a hunger like eating, if a man is hungry and he can't go to a french restaurant he will go to a hotdog stand"

Buddy Hackett
"My mothers menu consisted of two choices, take it or leave it"

"I didn't fight my way to the top of the food chain to be a vegetarian"

Chef "Big Sal" Minella
"Texas is the place where rubbing your meat and pulling your pork makes you a gourmet"